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centos-5 yum安装nginx-mysql5.1-php5.2-fastcgi构建LNMP服务器

LNMP(即nginx-mysql-php)服务器一直是被认为性能高,内存占用少的服务器,下面我们来介绍怎么通过简单的YUM命令安装,当然,你也可以试下lnmp一键安装。

导入第三方软件库
centos 5 32位:
rpm -Uvh http://nginx.org/packages/centos/5/noarch/RPMS/nginx-release-centos-5-0.el5.ngx.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh http://centos.alt.ru/repository/centos/5/i386/centalt-release-5-3.noarch.rpm
centos 5 64位:
rpm -Uvh http://nginx.org/packages/centos/5/noarch/RPMS/nginx-release-centos-5-0.el5.ngx.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh http://centos.alt.ru/repository/centos/5/x86_64/centalt-release-5-3.noarch.rpm
安装mysql
1、先卸载系统自带的apache,然后更新软件库
yum remove httpd
yum update
2、yum安装mysql
yum install mysql mysql-server
3、加入启动项并启动mysql
chkconfig --levels 235 mysqld on
/etc/init.d/mysqld start
4、设置mysql密码及相关设置
mysql_secure_installation
因为第一次启动这命令,所以直接回车下一步,然后输入你的mysql密码,按照提示操作。
安装nginx
1、yum安装nginx
yum --disablerepo=* --enablerepo=base --enablerepo=nginx install nginx
2、添加到启动项并启动nginx
chkconfig --levels 235 nginx on
/etc/init.d/nginx start
安装php
1、安装php及相关模块
yum install php-fpm php-cli php-mysql php-gd php-imap php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-mssql php-snmp php-soap php-tidy
2、编辑文件php.ini,在文件末尾添加cgi.fix_pathinfo = 1
vi /etc/php.ini
3、启动php-fpm
service php-fpm start
4、php-fpm加入启动项
chkconfig --levels 235 php-fpm on
修改nginx配置文件,添加fastcgi支持
1、修改nginx.conf文件
vi /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
配置文件部分代码:
[...]
    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  _;
        #charset koi8-r;
        #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;
        location / {
            root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
            index  index.php index.html index.htm;
        }
        error_page  404              /404.html;
        location = /404.html {
            root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
        }
        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
        }
        # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
        #}
 
        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        #
        location ~ \.php$ {
            root           /usr/share/nginx/html;
            fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /usr/share/nginx/html$fastcgi_script_name;
            include        fastcgi_params;
        }
        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        #
        location ~ /\.ht {
            deny  all;
        }
    }
[...]
33行的/usr/share/nginx/html修改为你的网站根目录。
2、重启nginx php-fpm
/etc/init.d/nginx restart
/etc/init.d/php-fpm restart
3、建立info.php文件
vi /usr/share/nginx/html/info.php
添加如下代码:
<?php
phpinfo();
?>
addthis_pub= 'wolfit'; addthis_logo= 'http://download.rainbowsoft.org/image/common/zbloglogo.gif'; addthis_brand= 'Z-Blog'; addthis_options= 'favorites, delicious, twitter, digg, myspace, facebook, google, live, email, more';

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  • 2014-5-1 20:12:33 回复该留言

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